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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67-72

Advanced cardiovascular support in refractory shock


1 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Kasturba Medical College Hospital, Manipal, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Critical Care Medicine, Manipal Hospital, Whitefield, ITPL Road, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ashwin Neelavar Udupa
Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijrc.ijrc_2_17

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“Shock” is a term that is used to signify inadequate tissue perfusion and cellular oxygenation. The basic principle of treating shock is restoring tissue perfusion and adequate cellular oxygenation. Resuscitation from shock is achieved using a combination of fluid therapy, inotropes, and vasopressors. Refractory shock has been defined as requirement of noradrenaline infusion of >0.5 μg/kg/min despite adequate volume resuscitation. Inability to use oxygen damages the cellular machinery and if not restored in time, shock can become irreversible. Mortality in these patients is very high, and the assessment and management of these patients requires a much more aggressive approach for survival. This article will focus on the management of refractory shock.


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