Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 370-373

Graded oxygen delivery using low flow rotameter during positive pressure ventilation using self-inflating bag with a leak - An experimental study

1 Department of Respiratory Therapy, Manipal School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, India
2 Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, India

Correspondence Address:
Tisha Ann Skariah
Department of Respiratory Therapy, Manipal School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Introduction: Bag-mask ventilation does not always guarantee 100% seal around airway opening and hence delivered fraction of oxygen (FDO2) may vary. Aim: To determine the FDO2 via a standard neonatal self-inflating bag with and without application of leak, without a reservoir bag with flow rates of 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1, 2, 4 and 6 L/min. Method: A test lung with a three way rotator to produce 0%, 30%, 50% and 75% leak was connected to a 3.5 mm ID endotracheal tube (ETT) connected to a VBM standard preterm self-inflating bag of 250 mL without a reservoir. The ETT was connected to ENVENTEC oxygen analyser and the bag inlet to a 100% oxygen source. Ventilation was done to a peak pressure of 15-20 cm H2O, at 40 bpm. FDO2 was recorded every 30 s, until the difference between two consecutive values was ≤ 1%. Result: The change in FDO2 was maximum when compared between 0.1 L/min and 6 L/min. For all leak percentages, the delivered oxygen showed an increasing trend from 0.1 to 0.6 L/min, a plateau from 0.6 to 1 L/min after which it increased. The change in FDO2 was different for different flow rates among various leak percentages. The highest delivered oxygen without leak was 56.15 ± 3.45% with 4 L/min flow. The oxygen delivered with 70% leak was considerably lower when compared to values with different leaks with respective flow rates. Conclusion: FDO2 increases with oxygen flow rates greater than 1 L/min. Leak around the mask has no effect of FDO2. Equilibration of FDO2 is achieved with in 60-90 s.

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