ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 370-373

Graded oxygen delivery using low flow rotameter during positive pressure ventilation using self-inflating bag with a leak - An experimental study


1 Department of Respiratory Therapy, Manipal School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal, India
2 Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, India

Correspondence Address:
Tisha Ann Skariah
Department of Respiratory Therapy, Manipal School of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, Manipal
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

Introduction: Bag-mask ventilation does not always guarantee 100% seal around airway opening and hence delivered fraction of oxygen (FDO2) may vary. Aim: To determine the FDO2 via a standard neonatal self-inflating bag with and without application of leak, without a reservoir bag with flow rates of 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1, 2, 4 and 6 L/min. Method: A test lung with a three way rotator to produce 0%, 30%, 50% and 75% leak was connected to a 3.5 mm ID endotracheal tube (ETT) connected to a VBM standard preterm self-inflating bag of 250 mL without a reservoir. The ETT was connected to ENVENTEC oxygen analyser and the bag inlet to a 100% oxygen source. Ventilation was done to a peak pressure of 15-20 cm H2O, at 40 bpm. FDO2 was recorded every 30 s, until the difference between two consecutive values was ≤ 1%. Result: The change in FDO2 was maximum when compared between 0.1 L/min and 6 L/min. For all leak percentages, the delivered oxygen showed an increasing trend from 0.1 to 0.6 L/min, a plateau from 0.6 to 1 L/min after which it increased. The change in FDO2 was different for different flow rates among various leak percentages. The highest delivered oxygen without leak was 56.15 ± 3.45% with 4 L/min flow. The oxygen delivered with 70% leak was considerably lower when compared to values with different leaks with respective flow rates. Conclusion: FDO2 increases with oxygen flow rates greater than 1 L/min. Leak around the mask has no effect of FDO2. Equilibration of FDO2 is achieved with in 60-90 s.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed839    
    Printed92    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded110    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal